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|Prof. Vasiliki Kassianidou - Cypriote Copper for the Old World in the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age|
Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute (CAARI)
Ανδρέα Δημητρίου 11
Λευκωσία, Λευκωσία 1066
The Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute (CAARI) organizes on Thursday December 7th, at 7pm a public lecture by Prof. Vasiliki Kassianidou (Archaeological Research Unit, Department of History and Archaeology University of Cyprus) entitled: “Cypriote Copper for the Old World in the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age”. The lecture will be held in the CAARI Library (11 Andrea Demetriou St., Nicosia). There will be a reception after the lecture.
The extraction of copper from its ores and the use of its alloys marked the transition from the very long Stone Age to the Bronze Age. In the Late Bronze Age the increasing demand for copper and its alloys led to the intensification of copper production in a number of places, but above all in Cyprus. A plethora of archaeological evidence from land and sea and textual evidence enables us to trace these developments in copper production and trading networks. Then, sometime in the twelfth century BC all this comes to an end and these networks, together with a number of the great civilizations of the Eastern Mediterranean collapse. Some scholars have argued that this phenomenon was the incentive behind the discovery of iron technology and the transition to the Iron Age, during which copper and its alloys take second place. But is this really the case? In fact, copper never lost its importance, as it continued to be used to produce not only works of art and vessels but also weapons. The shipbuilding industry, which in the Iron Age began to construct warships equipped with bronze rams and other bronze fittings, was perhaps the most demanding of all. Recent archaeological fieldwork in mining regions such as Faynan, Timna and Cyprus show that, opposite to what was assumed there is an intensification of copper production already from the beginning of the first millennium. The aim of this lecture is to present and contrast the evidence for Cypriot copper production and trade in the Bronze Age and the Iron Age in the Eastern Mediterranean, an area of great cultural and historical importance throughout Antiquity.
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