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|Dr. Evi Margaritis - Olives and Grapes in Eastern Mediterranean: Resetting the Research Agenda|
Ερευνητική Μονάδα Αρχαιολογίας
Λευκωσία, Λευκωσία 1095
Η Ερευνητική Μονάδα Αρχαιολογίας τoυ Πανεπιστημίου Κύπρου διοργανώνει τη Δευτέρα, 23 Απριλίου 2018 και ώρα 19:30 διάλεξη της Dr. Evi Margaritis, Assistant Professor, Science and Technology in Archaeology Research Center (STARC), The Cyprus Institute με τίτλο: “Olives and Grapes in Eastern Mediterranean: Resetting the Research Agenda”.
Η διάλεξη είναι ανοικτή για το κοινό και θα δοθεί στο κτήριο της Ερευνητικής Μονάδας Αρχαιολογίας, Οδός Γλάδστωνος 12, Λευκωσία.
The timeframe of the initial intensive cultivation of both grapes and olives in Europe is a cornerstone of a long standing debate. The ‘Mediterranean polyculture’ hypothesis suggests that Neolithic subsistence agriculture was based on the cultivation of cereals and pulses, and the use of livestock. In the 3rd millennium BC, however, the systematic exploitation of the olive and the vine transformed traditional Neolithic subsistence: the new species could be grown on marginal land, where even poor, previously uncultivated soils could now be exploited. This development could be characterised as a separate agricultural revolution in southern Europe. The cultivation of the vine and the olive led to the production of a surplus, and their secondary products, wine and olive oil, were transformed into valuable commodities, retaining their central place in the economy of European societies until today. These transformations were correlated with population growth and with changes in technology and exchange patterns. This talk will revisit the above debate based on newly excavated archaeobotanical remains of olives and grapes in the eastern Mediterranean. Hard core evidence that the cultivation of fruit trees and the production of olive oil and wine were well established during the Early Bronze Age Aegean is presented for the first time, resetting the agenda for future work.