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Σύνδεσμος Κυπρίων Αρχαιολόγων

Association of Cypriot Archaeologists

The people of Cyprus realised early in the 20th century the need for the enactment of legislations and the formation of state bodies for the protection of the island's antiquities. The need for strict legislation became quite pressing due both to the cultural wealth of the island and the multiple episodes of illicit excavations, looting and smuggling of antiquities from the island observed during the British Occupation period (1878-1960). The first Antiquities Law was passed in 1905, was significantly amended in 1927 and replaced in its totality in 1935, when the Department of Antiquities was formally established. Since then the law has been amended, whenever it was deemed necessary, with the most recent amendement being enforced in 2012. Parallel to the above the Department of Antiquities has also proposed and passed complementary laws  for the protection, management and conservation of antiquities, whilst also signing a series of Conventions and Memorandums with international and European bodies and organizations. In the webpage of the Association of Cypriot Archaeologists you may access all the available English legal texts related to antiquities legislation, as well as visit links towards the full texts of the Conventions and Memorandums signed between the Department of Antiquities and other bodies and organizations. Unfortunatelly not all legal texts and amendments are available in English and it was considered ill-advised to arbitrarily translate texts without the consent or approval of the appropriate bodies of the state. However by switching to the Greek site translation you may find the full texts of all legislations for reference.

Legislation:

The Antiquities Law

The Export of Cultural Goods Law

The Return of Cultural Goods Law

The Law on Recognition of Private Museums and Museum of Local Authorities (Procedure and Conditions) Act (Available in Greek only)

Conventions and Memorandums:

14 May 1954 - Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict with Regulations for the Execution of the Convention, The Hague.

14 May 1954 - First Protocol to the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, The Hague.

19 December 1954 - European Cultural Convention, Paris.

05 December 1956 - Statutes of the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), New Delhi.

14 November 1970 - Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property, Paris.

16 November 1972 - Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, Paris.

03 October 1985 - Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe, Granada.

October 1987 - Charter for the conservation of historic towns and urban areas, Washington.

1990 - Charter for the protection and management of the archaeological heritage, Lausanne.

16 January 1992 - European Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage (Revised), Valletta.

24 June 1995 - Unidroit Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects, Rome.

26 March 1999 - Second Protocol to the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, The Hague.

16 July 2002 - Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus Concerning the Imposition of Import Restrictions on Pre-Classical and Classical Archaeological Objects, Washington.

17 October 2003 - Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, Paris.

August 2006 - Amendement to the Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus Concerning the Imposition of Import Restrictions on Pre-Classical and Classical Archaeological Objects and Byzantine Period Ecclesiastical and Ritual Ethnological Material, Washington.

July 2007 - Amendement to the Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus Concerning the Imposition of Import Restrictions on Pre-Classical and Classical Archaeological Objects and Byzantine Period Ecclesiastical and Ritual Ethnological Material, Washington.

29 November 2013 - Statutes of the ICCROM, as revised by the XXVIII session of the General Assembly, Rome.

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